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Colorado Landlord Tenant Law

Colorado Landlord Tenant Law

Colorado Landlord Tenant Law: A Comprehensive Guide

As a landlord or tenant in Colorado, it is essential to understand the state’s landlord-tenant laws. Not only will it help you avoid legal problems, but it will also help you make informed decisions that protect your interests.

In this article, we will take an in-depth look at Colorado’s landlord-tenant laws, including the latest updates and resources.

Colorado Tenant Rights

Colorado’s tenant rights are defined in the Colorado Residential Tenants’ Rights and Responsibilities Handbook. This publication serves as a resource for both tenants and landlords to understand their responsibilities under the law.

Security Deposits

Under Colorado law, landlords can require tenants to pay a security deposit as a condition of renting a property. The amount of the security deposit cannot exceed the equivalent of more than two months’ rent. For example, if the monthly rent is $1,500, the landlord cannot require more than $3,000 as a security deposit.

Landlords must return the security deposit within one month of the lease’s termination. However, the deadline can extend to 60 days if there is excessive damage or unpaid rent. Landlords must itemize the deductions from the security deposit in writing and provide the tenant with a copy.


Colorado law does not regulate the amount of rent a landlord can charge. The amount of rent is negotiable unless it is precluded by some other law, regulation, or ordinance. However, the lease agreement must state the rent amount and when it is due.

Landlords may evict tenants for nonpayment of rent after three days’ written notice of the overdue rent. If a tenant does not pay rent within three days, the landlord must provide a written notice to quit. The notice provides the tenant with an opportunity to pay the rent or leave the property.

Landlord’s Access to Property

Landlords must give tenants reasonable notice to access the rental property. Reasonable notice is defined as 24 hours. The notice must specify the date and time of the intended entry and the reason for entering the property. However, landlords may enter a rental property without notice if there is an emergency.

Landlords may not abuse the right to access a rental property, and they cannot require a tenant to waive their right to notice.

Lease Termination

Tenants may terminate their lease agreement with notice to the landlord. The notice period is typically one rental period in advance. For example, if rent is paid monthly, the tenant must give one month’s notice before the end of the rental period.

The lease agreement may also specify a period of notice required from the landlord to terminate the lease. The lease agreement must specify the amount of notice required, which cannot be less than seven days for weekly rentals and 21 days for rentals of a month or longer.

In Colorado, tenants may terminate a lease agreement early in some situations. For example, if they enter military service or if the rental property becomes uninhabitable. Landlords must make a reasonable attempt to re-rent the unit and may not charge tenants for more than the actual expenses of procuring a new tenant.

Tenant Obligations

Tenants in Colorado have certain obligations, including:

– Keeping the rental property clean and sanitary
– Using the rental property for its intended purpose
– Complying with building codes and other laws
– Not disrupting the peace or violating the rights of other tenants or neighbors
– Paying rent on time

If a tenant violates any of these obligations, the landlord may seek their eviction through legal channels.

Recovering Possession of a Rental Property

If a tenant fails to vacate a rental property after receiving a proper notice to quit, the landlord may seek to recover possession of the property through legal action. However, landlords cannot take self-help measures to evict tenants. They must go through the legal channels, including filing a complaint with the court and obtaining a writ of restitution.

Landlords must serve tenants with a summon and complaint before their hearing in court. The tenant has a right to appear in court and defend themselves. If the court finds in favor of the landlord, the sheriff will serve the tenant with a writ of restitution, which gives the tenant 48 hours to vacate the property.

Security Deposit Disputes

If a tenant disagrees with a landlord’s security deposit deductions, they may, within seven days of receiving the landlord’s notice concerning deposit deductions, give the landlord written notice of the tenant’s objection to the deductions. The landlord must then return the security deposit amount disputed by the tenant. After the tenant’s written objection, the dispute may be resolved in small claims court.


The Colorado Division of Housing provides tenants and landlords with resources to help them understand and protect their rights. These resources include:

– Colorado Residential Tenants’ Rights and Responsibilities Handbook
– Colorado Revised Statutes Title 38, Article 12: Tenants and Landlords
– Colorado Judicial Branch: Eviction

The Colorado Division of Housing also provides dispute resolution services, which offer alternative methods to resolving disputes between landlords and tenants.

Final Thoughts

Understanding Colorado’s landlord-tenant laws is vital for every landlord and tenant in the state. Familiarizing yourself with the laws can help you avoid legal problems and ensure that you make informed decisions that protect your interests.

Resources like the Colorado Residential Tenants’ Rights and Responsibilities Handbook, Colorado Revised Statutes Title 38, Article 12, the Colorado Judicial Branch, and the Colorado Division of Housing’s dispute resolution services are incredibly helpful in navigating the complexities of Colorado’s landlord-tenant laws.

Understanding Colorado Landlord-Tenant Law

It’s crucial to have a pretty comprehensive understanding of what’s entailed in Colorado landlord-tenant laws; because in just about every state, there’s something unique to consider.

You’ll learn about:

1. Tenant Rights Under Colorado Landlord-Tenant Laws

2. Landlord Screening Processes Under Colorado Landlord-Tenant Laws

3. And the Warranty of Habitability Act Under Colorado Landlord-Tenant Laws

Tenant Rights Under Colorado Landlord-Tenant Laws

Colorado landlord-tenant law is pretty specific about tenant rights, which would include:

1. The Right to Fair and Equitable Treatment

2. The Right to Reasonable Prior Notice for Entry by Landlord

3. The Right to Receive a Return on Security Deposits When Moving Out

4. The Right to Notification of Any Charges Against Deposits

What does all of that mean in terms of Colorado landlord-tenant law? Simple.

When it comes to fair and equitable treatment, we’re talking about….

1. The Application Process Under CO Landlord-Tenant Law

2. The Current Residency of Property

3. And Moving Out

Basically, the entire situation between a landlord and tenant under CO landlord-tenant law from the moment a tenant begins an application for the purpose of moving in to the moment when a tenant then moves out

Fair and equitable treatment under CO landlord-tenant law can be anything like allowing a tenant to apply no matter the race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, or background. Following specific landlord laws under the CO landlord-tenant law as well are a must – such as a tenant’s right to privacy and an ability to call services in regards to disturbances in the neighborhood

In addition, part of those specific landlord laws under the CO landlord-tenant law include always giving notice before entering property, even for the purpose of maintenance or repairs of property. The right to privacy is taken seriously under Colorado landlord-tenant law

Also security deposits by Colorado landlord-tenant law must be returned to a tenant moving out within a timeline of 30 days. If by chance there are repairs that need to be made resulting from the entire residency, the landlord must make out a report with all expenses to be deducted from the deposit and then handed over to the tenant as a measure of good faith.

As For a Landlord Screening Process….

The law does allow it. However, only certain questions are allowed:

1. Questions About the Tenant’s Profession

2. Roommates or Additional Persons on the Prospective Lease

3. Questions About Criminal History

4. Questions About the Sex Offender Registry

By law, a landlord cannot ask these sorts of questions:

1. Questions About Your Race, Ethnicity, or National Origin

2. Questions About Your Religious Beliefs

3. Questions About Your Sexual Orientation or Marital Status

4. Questions About Whether or Not You Have Children

5. Questions About Whether or Not You Have Mental or Physical Disabilities

The Warranty of Habitability Act

This is specific to Colorado, enacted back in 2008, encouraging both landlords and tenants to maintain the quality of housing.

While protecting the rights of tenants to live in habitable property, it also holds tenants accountable to maintain such property well. If not, the Act can mandate an eviction or applicable fines.

To enact the laws of the Act, though, it’s crucial to have evidence that something is substantially wrong with the property, such as:

1. Deficient Roofing

2. Hazardous Walls

3. Lack of Windows

4. Broken Doors

5. Destroyed Floors

6. Dangerous Stairs and Railings

7. Busted Locks

8. Inefficient Plumbing or Gas Facilities

9. Problematic Water, Heating, and Electrical Systems

Knowing the Law Is Important

It’s important that everyone is held accountable to what the law says. Information is there. Review it. Know it. Live it.