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Minnesota Tenant Rights

Minnesota Tenant Rights

Minnesota Tenant Rights: A Comprehensive Guide

As a tenant in Minnesota, it is essential to understand your rights and responsibilities. Minnesota state laws provide tenants with specific rights regarding security deposits, evictions, and maintenance of rental property. However, it is also the responsibility of the tenant to pay rent on time, maintain the rental property, and comply with the terms of the lease. In this article, we will explore these tenant rights and responsibilities in detail.

The Right to a Habitable Rental Property

One of the most important tenant rights in Minnesota is the right to a habitable rental property. According to Minnesota state law, landlords are required to maintain rental properties that are safe, livable, and meet local housing codes. As a tenant, you have the right to a rental unit that is free from pests, has working heating and plumbing systems, and is free from hazardous conditions.

If you discover any hazardous conditions or safety issues in your rental property, you must notify your landlord immediately. You can do this verbally, but it is always best to follow up in writing or by email. If your landlord does not address the issues in a timely manner, you may have the right to withhold rent or move out of the rental property.

The Right to Privacy

Another essential tenant right in Minnesota is the right to privacy. Landlords cannot enter your rental unit without your consent, except in certain circumstances. For example, your landlord may enter your rental property to make repairs or show the unit to prospective tenants with reasonable notice. In Minnesota, reasonable notice is typically 24 hours, but the lease may specify a longer notice period.

If your landlord is entering your rental property without your consent or without providing reasonable notice, you have the right to contact law enforcement or file a complaint with the Minnesota Attorney General’s Office.

The Right to a Security Deposit

In Minnesota, landlords may require tenants to pay a security deposit, but there are specific rules governing security deposits. For example, landlords may only charge up to one month’s rent for a security deposit, and they must return the deposit (minus any deductions) within 21 days of the end of the lease.

If your landlord does not return your security deposit within 21 days or provides a list of deductions, you can request that they return the deposit by certified mail or take legal action.

The Right to Due Process in Evictions

In Minnesota, landlords must follow specific guidelines when evicting tenants. Before evicting a tenant, a landlord must provide written notice of the reasons for the eviction and give the tenant an opportunity to correct the issue. For example, a tenant may have a certain amount of time to pay rent or address a lease violation before facing eviction.

If a landlord initiates eviction proceedings, the tenant has the right to a court hearing to contest the eviction. The landlord must also follow specific legal procedures when evicting a tenant, such as serving proper notice and providing a copy of the eviction complaint.

The Right to Fair Housing

Minnesota tenants also have the right to fair housing. Property owners cannot discriminate against tenants based on their race, religion, gender, family status, or other protected statuses. This includes refusing to rent to a tenant based on their protected status or treating tenants differently based on their status.

If you believe you have been discriminated against, you can file a complaint with the Minnesota Department of Human Rights.

Tenant Responsibilities in Minnesota

While tenants have specific rights under Minnesota law, it is also important to understand your responsibilities as a tenant. Below are some of the key tenant responsibilities in Minnesota.

Paying Rent on Time

As a tenant, you are responsible for paying rent on time. If you fail to pay rent on time, your landlord may take legal action to evict you. It is essential to understand the terms of your lease and make sure you are aware of when rent is due and how it should be paid.

Maintaining the Rental Property

Tenants are typically responsible for maintaining the rental property and keeping it clean and safe. This includes regularly cleaning the rental unit, disposing of garbage, and keeping the property free from hazards. If you cause damage to the property, you may be responsible for paying for repairs.

Complying with the Lease Agreement

Minnesota tenants are also responsible for complying with the terms of the lease agreement. This includes following all rules and regulations, such as noise restrictions, guest policies, and pet policies. If you violate the lease agreement, your landlord may take legal action to evict you.


In conclusion, Minnesota tenant rights provide important protections for renters in the state. From the right to a habitable rental property to due process in evictions, Minnesota state law provides tenants with specific rights. However, it is also essential for tenants to understand their responsibilities, such as paying rent on time and complying with the lease agreement. By understanding tenant rights and responsibilities, tenants can protect themselves and ensure a positive rental experience.

Knowing Your Minnesota Tenant Rights

It’s crucial to have an understanding of your MN tenant rights for the purpose of rental housing and apartments. Why? It’s easy to completely ignore some of the things you may be entitled to in the state.

The good thing, though, is that in the state, you can find out pretty easily what your Minnesota tenant rights are within these specific categories:

1. MN Tenant Rights

2. MN Landlord Responsibilities

3. Violations of MN Tenant Rights

On the Subject of MN Tenant Rights….

This is important: keep in mind that all of Minnesota tenant rights revolve around the idea that a tenant has a right to privacy and possession.

So to be clear on this and what it means in terms of Minnesota tenant rights, a landlord can only enter a tenant’s home for a reasonable business purpose after giving reasonable notice.

Examples of a reasonable business purpose include:

1. Showing the Unit to Prospective Tenants

2. Showing the Unit to a Buyer or Agent

3. Maintenance

4. Inspections

5. Disturbances Within the Unit

6. Possible Violations of the Lease

7. Checking for Individuals Living in the Property Without Being Listed on the Lease

8. Checking the Unit After Tenant Moves Out

9. Housekeeping (For Senior Housing)

There are, however, exceptions concerning Minnesota tenant rights to allow a landlord the right to enter the property without notice only in these situations:

1. Immediate Entry Due to Possible Injury as a Result of Maintenance, Building Security, or Law Enforcement

2. Tenant’s Safety

3. Compliance With State Law or Local Ordinance

What Are the Landlord’s Responsibilities Under MN Tenant Rights?

In the case when a landlord enters the property without notice and the tenant’s not present, the landlord must give a written notice to the tenant somewhere in the property. That’s the law.

Violations of a Minnesota Tenant Right

If it just so happens that a landlord violates any Minnesota tenant right, the tenant may recover up to $100 per violation in a court of law of Minnesota.

Other Guidelines

Because of the rule of possession, no landlord can evict or penalize any tenant for calling the police or other form of emergency assistance to respond to some domestic incident. It’s perfectly within the Minnesota tenant right to take responsibility for such matters, and any lease that limits that right is actually illegal and void.

A tenant can actually sue a landlord for $250 for that kind of violation of a Minnesota tenant right.

However, it’s important to know that the law doesn’t prevent a landlord from taking action against a tenant for a breach of lease. Common breaches of a lease would include:

1. Disturbing the Peace and Quiet of Other Tenants

2. Damage to Property

3. Disorderly Conduct

The Minnesota tenant right to call the appropriate authorities in the event of a situation in the immediate vicinity of the home is protected even to the point where a municipality can’t force eviction of a tenant or even charge or penalize a landlord for allowing a tenant to call the authorities.

The law trumps all local ordinances in that matter.

Know Your Rights

There’s so much more to explore when it comes to your rights as a tenant, so be sure to make the necessary sessions of research and learn more. Learn everything you can. Your rights are paramount.