What is New Jersey Landlord Tenant Law?
New Jersey Landlord Tenant law refers to those regulations that govern the relationship between a renter and a landlord in the state of New Jersey. These laws dictate the fundamental aspects of a lease agreement, including the primary terms of the agreement, increases in rent, security deposits, rules concerning breaking the lease, security deposits, issues pertaining to property damage etc. These laws are instituted throughout the state and will be enforced if a problem arises between a landlord and tenant.
A landlord and a renter are both provided with rights—affirmed through the New Jersey Landlord Tenant Law—to ultimately dictate their roles while living under the terms of their renter’s agreement.
For sake of clarity, we will outline the primary factors of New Jersey Landlord Tenant Law
New Jersey Landlord Tenant Laws: Leases
New Jersey Landlord tenants laws state that leases are contracts between a landlord and tenant(s) for the rental of a house or apartment. The lease may be affirmed through an oral or written agreement. New Jersey Landlord Tenant Law states that leases must be written in “plain language.” This simply means that the least has to be written in clear, understandable and simple language.
NJ tenant law states that before signing a lease, prospective renters must read it carefully. NJ tenant law declares that the renter must ensure that the terms in the lease are uniform to those that were originally agreed upon with the landlord. NJ tenant law states that the lease should not be signed if the renter is confused by a provision or facet of the legally-binding document.
The bulk of leases, affirm several requirements including: the amount of rent to be paid to the landlord and the date of delivery; the term of the lease; late charges; security deposits; rules and regulations (rules instituted by the landlord that must be followed by the renter); care of the property issues; notice of repairs; information regarding pets; orderly conduct; the dates, times, and notice requirements that govern the landlord’s ability to enter the apartment; and issues pertaining to alterations in the lease.
New Jersey Landlord Tenant Laws institute rules that govern the breaking of leases. The New Jersey Landlord Tenant law states that a landlord may not evict a renter because their lease is over. Because of this, New Jersey Landlord Tenant law states that the only reason a landlord may terminate your lease is to offer you a new lease with different terms. By ending your lease, NJ tenant law proclaims that the landlord may not get to move but may require you to pay more or follow a different set of rules. NJ tenant law states that to end a lease according to the rules laid forth by New Jersey Landlord Tenant law, either the landlord or tenant must provide the other with a written notice before the termination of the lease, stating that the contract will not be renewed. If this notice is not provided or is not given within the allotted time, then the lease will automatically renew, typically on a month-to-month basis.
To terminate a yearly lease, NJ tenant law states that a renter must provide the landlord with a written notice at least one full month before the end of the lease. NJ tenant law states requires the notice must inform the landlord that the renter is moving out when the lease ends.
If a renter moves out before the maturity of the lease, NJ tenant law requires the landlord may hold the renter responsible for the rent that is due.
New Jersey Landlord Tenant laws: Security Deposits
The dominant NJ tenant law governing security deposits under New Jersey Landlord Tenant Laws is the Rent Security Deposit Act. This portion of NJ tenant laws states that the majority of rental agreement requires the renter to pay the first month’s rent before the move-in date. In addition, the bulk of leases also require the renter to pay a security deposit. New Jersey Security deposit law specifics how much a landlord may collect—and subsequently return—for a deposit. According to the Rent Security Deposit Act, a security deposit refers to funds that belong to the tenant but are held by the landlord in trust. Security deposits are made to protect the landlord against the tenant’s failure to follow responsibilities as stated in the lease, including nonpayment of rent or damages done to the apartment, outside of normal wear and tear.
According to New Jersey Landlord Tenant Law, the most a landlord may collect for a security deposit is one and half-times the apartment or home’s monthly rent. There are no exceptions to this NJ tenant law. When the funds are put in trust, you should ask the landlord for a receipt of the security deposit. The receipt, according to NJ tenant law, should include the landlord’s signature, the date, and the amount of the security deposit.
The Rent Security Deposit mandates that all landlords put the security deposit in a separate bank account that returns interest. The landlord is required to provide notice to the renters—in writing—within 30 days after the tenant provides the deposit to the landlord. The notice must state the name and address of the bank where the deposit is kept, the amount of the deposit, the current interest rate for the account and the type of account. If the landlord fails to provide the above notices, then the tenant can provide written notice to the landlord stating that the whole deposit (plus an additional 7 percent interest per) be applied to the tenant’s rent.
The rent Security Deposit Act states that a landlord, within 30 days after you move out, must return the tenant’s security deposit (plus accrued interest) minus any owed rent or charges imposed by the tenant. If the landlord deducts any amount for rent or damages, he or she must provide a detailed list of the damages he or she claims imposed on the property. The landlord must also supply the tenant with a list explaining cost of repairs. Remembers, landlords may only charge for property damage that is beyond normal wear and tear. If any of the above issues are violated by the landlord, it is well within the tenant’s right to take the landlord to court, as an effort to be compensated for the situation.
New Jersey Landlord Tenant Laws: Rent Increases
New Jersey Landlord Tenant laws require landlords to take certain to increase in rent. First, the existing lease must be exhausted before a rent increase can be applied. Secondly, the landlord must offer you the option of entering a new lease; the new lease may be met with an increased rent. NJ tenant law states that to raise rent, the landlord must supply the tenant with proper written notice. NJ tenant law proclaims that if the tenant does not pay the increase imposed by the landlord, the tenant is subject to eviction.
New Jersey Landlord Tenant laws: Evictions
In the state of New Jersey, NJ tenant law says that the only was a tenant may be evicted from his or her rental unit—according to the New Jersey Landlord Tenant Laws—is if a Superior Court judge affirms the eviction. Orders for eviction may come only after the landlord successfully sues the tenant for eviction in the Superior Court. Based on New Jersey Landlord Tenant Laws, there is no other way that a tenant may be evicted from a home or apartment. In other words, a tenant does not simply have to move-out because the landlord informs the tenant or threatens the tenant with eviction.
The Anti-Eviction Act—a prominent NJ tenant law--states that for every cause for eviction (with the exception of nonpayment) the landlord is required to serve the tenant with a notice to quit, and in many cases, a notice to cease. These notices must specify the cause of the termination of the tenancy. Landlords—according to New Jersey Landlord Tenant Laws—are required to strictly comply with these notice requirements; if they fail to do so, New Jersey Landlord Tenant law will deem an eviction action as impermissible. Once again, notices are not required for nonpayment of rent. According to NJ tenant law, if the tenant fails to meet rent obligations, the landlord can file a notice of eviction directly to the superior court. In this situation, NJ tenant law states that the tenant will not be provided with a formal warning before receiving a court summons and the attached complaint.